Usually, the 1st decade of Friedrich Nietzsche's occupation is taken into account a kind of précis to his mature pondering. but his philological articles, lectures, and notebooks on old Greek tradition and inspiration - a lot of which has bought inadequate scholarly realization - have been by no means meant to function a preparatory flooring to destiny inspiration. Nietzsche's early scholarship was once meant to specific his insights into the nature of antiquity. lots of these insights aren't merely very important for greater figuring out Nietzsche; they continue to be important for figuring out antiquity today.
Interdisciplinary in scope and foreign in standpoint, this quantity investigates Nietzsche as a student of antiquity, supplying the 1st thorough exam of his articles, lectures, notebooks on historical Greek tradition and idea in English. With 11 unique chapters via a few of the major Nietzsche students and classicists from all over the world and with reproductions of 2 definitive essays, this ebook analyzes Nietzsche's scholarly tools and goals, his knowing of antiquity, and his impression at the historical past of classical reports.
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Examine Nietzsche’s Stemma at KGW II/1, eleven with that of younger 1961, xix. 20 the belief of Bergk. 21 the realization of Welcker. 22 the belief of Teuffel 1839–52, 1848–50. 23 The conclusions of Reitzenstein 1893, 43ff. , 264ff. ; Wendorff 1902 and 1909; and Wilamowitz-Moellendorff, U. v. 1913, 268ff. This and the previous follows Porter 2000, 387nn. 33, 37. 24 there has been then no transparent consensus at the dates of the redactor. Welcker intended the 1st redaction was once because of Byzantine job. Welcker 1826, cx. Bergk used to be indecisive, yet finally concluded it was once the 1st century advert. Bergk 1845, 406. Following KGW II/1, 26. 25 Nietzsche’s supposition relating Mimnermus has now been mostly authorised. it really is believed that Theognis vv. 1019–22 have been borrowed from Mimnermus, that vv. 935–8, 1003–6 belong to Tyrtaeus, and that vv. 153–4, 221–6, 315–18, 585–90, 719–28 are initially traces of Solon. See Carrière 1948, 10. 26 The citation is highlighted in Janz 1978, 124; Negri 1985, nine; Porter 2000, 232; Jensen 2008, 336. 27 pointed out in Stobaeus: Sermones 88, 499. 28 Nietzsche cites Isocrates: advert Nicolem. c. 12. KGW II/1, 30. Cancik follows him. Cancik 1995, 10. The quotation, notwithstanding, is inaccurate; probably Nietzsche skill advert Nicolem. c. forty two, the place Isocrates mentions Theognis, in addition to Hesiod and Phokylides, because the “best lecturers of sensible morality. ” 29 Nietzsche borrowed the time period “Chrestomathie” from Bergk, who believed that this was once all Theognis’ textual content can have ever been. 30 in this element, Nietzsche facets extra heavily with Welcker than with Bergk. The argument, although, is ex silentio: the Stichwörter are for Nietzsche so noticeable that somebody might clearly have pointed out them. simply because no writer does, it's presumed that they weren't within the textual content at the moment. 31 Nietzsche’s facts rests totally on the Suda. Cf. KGW II/1, 42–50. modern students are likely to agree that, contra Nietzsche, the Musa Paedica is either stylistically and thematically in line with the remainder of the Theognidean corpus, and that for that reason we lack enough proof to signify it used to be interpolated within the 5th century. See, for examples, West 1974, forty three and Vetta 1980, xi. Nietzsche’s basic assumption that pederasty was once incompatible with clone of Greek the Aristocracy displays the conservative scholarly perspective in the direction of Greek sexuality within the 19th century. it's now often agreed that drunkenness and pederastic trends have been way more general than Nietzsche and his colleagues have been vulnerable to think. As Nietzsche’s argument in regards to the parodistic developments of the redactor is determined by the incompatibility of those characteristics with similar to 9781472511522_txt_print. indd 112 25/11/2013 13:30 32 33 34 35 Nietzsche’s Valediction and primary Article: The Theognidea 113 the Aristocracy, this contemporary discovering has enormous adverse effects for Nietzsche’s reconstruction. Fritzsche’s major place is that Nietzsche made a significant optimistic development upon Welker and Bergk, yet that there are specific pairs of Stichwörter that Fritzsche unearths doubtful.