By Steven Frank
"Programming for Mere Mortals" is a chain of books designed to introduce the options of programming from the floor as much as a reader who hasn't ever written a line of code.
Unlike so much programming books which objective to educate you a specific language or working method, this sequence specializes in the center basics which are universal to programming any computer.
In a laid-back, conversational tone, "How to count number" introduces you to math issues which are necessary to changing into a winning programmer, including:
- Numeric bases (decimal, binary, hexadecimal)
- Signed vs. unsigned numbers
- Floating aspect and stuck aspect arithmetic
This brief, simply understood ebook will fast get you considering like a programmer.
Steven Frank has been a certified programmer given that 1994, and co-founded the well known Mac software program corporation Panic, Inc.
Read Online or Download How to Count (Programming for Mere Mortals Book 1) PDF
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Additional resources for How to Count (Programming for Mere Mortals Book 1)
Giga, abbreviated with a capital G, refers to 1,073,741,824 (or 230) of whatever. How approximately a few extra examples? Let’s begin on the very backside and paintings up. We already understand bit is the smallest attainable factor a working laptop or computer can comprehend; a electronic “atom” that may be both zero or 1. In sleek desktops, eight bits is often called a byte. (Humorously, a 4-bit worth is sometimes known as a nibble or nybble — finally, what else might you name part a byte? this can be this kind of funny story programmers make. I express regret on all of our behalves. ) when you succeed in 1,024 bytes, we name that 1 kilobyte, or 1 kB. The lowercase okay is our kilo abbreviation, and capital B refers to bytes. At 1,024 kilobytes, we now have reached 1 megabyte, or 1 MB. We don’t have to switch devices back till we succeed in 1,024 megabytes — 1 gigabyte, or 1 GB. a pair a long time in the past, it gave the look of technology fiction to visualize we’d ever be conversing approximately desktop garage when it comes to gigabytes. It was once an unfathomable quantity of house that will be nearly most unlikely to fill. As with such a lot predictions of the long run, we have been fallacious. tough drives now are available capacities of a number of terabytes (TB) which, as you've guessed, are 1,024 GB every one. We’re no longer particularly there but, however the subsequent cease can be petabytes (PB) — or 1,024 TB. For these conserving rating, that’s 1000000 gigabytes. After that come the exabyte (EB), zettabyte (ZB), and yottabyte (YB), every one representing 1,024 of the final. that are meant to final us some time. There’s a peculiar aspect impression of the truth that engineers ponder 1 kB to be 1,024 bytes and different kinds of humans reflect on 1 kB to be 1,000 bytes. This has a tendency to present itself in the event you purchase, say, a 1 GB harddrive, and observe that even with out something on it, it has lower than 1 GB of loose house to be had to you. What occurred? What occurred used to be the folk who wrote the promoting replica at the packaging instructed you that the harddisk had a 1 GB capability, which was once arguably precise, simply because they intended 1,000,000,000 bytes. yet that’s no longer what a working laptop or computer considers 1 GB. To a working laptop or computer, 1 GB capacity 1,073,741,824 bytes. That’s a distinction of over seventy three million bytes (approximately seventy three. 7 MB) of house that you simply inferred from the “1 GB” imprinted on the field you'd be getting, yet actually will not be. yet, due to a technicality, you haven’t fairly been lied to. Misled, potentially. A pattern is underway between hard disk brands to label their items with an identical ability that the pc will really document if you happen to connect the force. So, you’ll purchase a “2 TB” harddisk, and there'll really be 2 terabytes of loose area to be had to you in case you plug it in. It’s getting off to a gradual begin, yet is fortunately beginning to seize on. to aim to solve this vintage confusion, a sequence of trade prefixes have been brought: kibi, mebi, gibi, and tebi. when you consider that kilo, mega, and giga have lengthy been demonstrated in non-computer circles as which means one thousand, one million, and one thousand million, respectively, the next new phrases the place brought particularly for measuring powers of 2: 1 kibibyte (KiB) = 1,024 bytes 1 mebibyte (MiB) = 1,024 KiB 1 gibibyte (GiB) = 1,024 MiB 1 tebibyte (TiB) = 1,024 TiB those phrases were gradual to trap on, just because the older, confusion-prone prefixes have been already in large use, and the more moderen phrases sound, good, type of bizarre to older ears.