By Mark A. Chancey
Studying structure, inscriptions, cash, and paintings from Alexander the Great's conquest until eventually the early fourth century CE, Mark Chancey argues that the level of Greco-Roman tradition for the period of Jesus has usually been significantly exaggerated. Antipas's reign within the early first century was once certainly a time of transition, however the extra dramatic shifts in Galilee's cultural weather occurred within the moment century, after the arriving of a big Roman garrison. Any try to comprehend the Galilean atmosphere of Jesus needs to realize the importance of the region's historic improvement in addition to how Galilee matches into the bigger context of the Roman East.
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Extra resources for Greco-Roman Culture and the Galilee of Jesus (Society for New Testament Studies Monograph Series)
Seventy four] For an summary of Maccabean and Hasmonean actions in Galilee, see Mordechai Aviam, “The Hasmonaean Dynasty's actions within the Galilee,” in Jews, 41–50.  1 Macc. 5:9–23.  1 Macc. 5:21–22. at the historicity of this excursion, see Bezalel Bar-Kochva, Judas Maccabeus: The Jewish fight opposed to the Seleucids (Cambridge: Cambridge college Press, 1989), 554 and Chancey, delusion, 39–40.  1 Macc. 11:63–74; cf. Ant. thirteen. 158–162. at the chance that 1 Macc. 9:1–2 alludes to an past conflict in Galilee, see Chancey, fable, forty.  the translation of the construction as an archive is supported through the presence of over 2000 stamped sealings, many with Greek mythological motifs (Herbert and Berlin, “New Administrative Center”; Donald T. Ariel and Joseph Naveh, “Selected Inscribed Sealings from Kedesh within the higher Galilee,” BASOR 329 : 61–80).  1 Macc. 12:39–53; cf. Ant. thirteen. 187–193.  1 Macc. 13:23.  Ant. thirteen. 254–256, 275–281; conflict 1. 64–66; Berlin, “Between,” 31; Arav, Hellenistic Palestine, ninety one; Itzhak Magen, “Gerizim, Mount,” in NEAEHL, vol. 2, 484–493.  Ant. thirteen. 280, warfare 1. sixty six.  Ant. thirteen. 318–319; Chancey, delusion, 41–45; Sean Freyne, “Galileans, Itureans, and Phoenicians: A learn of neighborhood Contrasts within the Hellenistic Age,” in Collins and Sterling, Hellenism, 184–215.  Berlin, “Between,” 38.  Josephus claims that Alexander Jannaeus grew up in Galilee, despatched there by way of his father Hyrcanus (Ant. thirteen. 322).  Ant. thirteen. 324–355; battle 1. 86. See my dialogue of the battles that ensued in Galilee (especially these regarding Asochis/Shihin and Sepphoris) in fable, seventy one, eighty three, eighty five.  Ant. thirteen. 395–397.  Ant. thirteen. 324–325.  Ant. thirteen. 393–394.  Ant. thirteen. 356–358, 394, 397; warfare 1. 86–87, 104.  Defenses at Yodefat have been renovated, fortifications at Sha'ar Ha'amaqim, and Sepphoris have been newly occupied, and people at Khirbet el-Tufaniyeh (map coordinates 174/261) have been most likely outfitted (Israel Shatzman, The Armies of the Hasmonaeans and Herod: From Hellenistic to Roman Frameworks (Tübingen: J. C. B. Mohr [Paul Siebeck], 1991), 83–87; David Adan-Bayewitz and Mordechai Aviam, “Iotapata, Josephus, and the Siege of sixty seven: initial file at the 1992–1994 Seasons,” JRA 10 : 131–165; Arthur Segal and Yehuda Naor, “Sha'ar Ha'amaqim,” NEAEHL, vol. four, 1339–1340; Chancey, delusion, 70–71; E. Meyers, “Sepphoris at the Eve”).  New websites additionally seemed in Judea and in Samaria (Berlin, “Between,” 28–29).  Frankel et al. , cost Dynamics, 108–110.  Frankel et al. , cost Dynamics, 108–114, 131–134.  Frankel and Ventura, “Mispe Yamim Bronzes”; Frankel et al. , payment Dynamics, a hundred and ten. The destruction of cultic websites and expulsion and conversion of gentiles is in step with previous Maccabean and Hasmonean activities (1 Macc. 5:44, sixty eight; 10:83, 13:47–48; battle 1. sixty six; Ant. thirteen. 154–281, cf. thirteen. 397).  See the resources brought up in my advent.  Gruen, background, 2; cf. 1–40. See additionally Tessa Rajak, “The Hasmoneans and the makes use of of Hellenism,” in Philip R. Davies and Richard T. White, eds.