Download E-books Diogenes Laertius: Lives of Eminent Philosophers, Volume II, Books 6-10 (Loeb Classical Library No. 185) PDF

By Diogenes Laertius

This wealthy compendium at the lives and doctrines of philosophers levels over 3 centuries, from Thales to Epicurus (to whom the entire 10th e-book is devoted); forty five vital figures are portrayed. Diogenes Laertius conscientiously compiled his details from countless numbers of resources and enriches his money owed with quite a few quotations.

Diogenes Laertius lived most likely within the previous 1/2 the third century CE, his ancestry and birthplace being unknown. His historical past, in ten books, is split unscientifically into 'Successions' or sections: 'Ionian' from Anaximander to Theophrastus and Chrysippus, together with the Socratic colleges; 'Italian' from Pythagoras to Epicurus, together with the Eleatics and sceptics. it's a very important number of quotations and facts.

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Om. F 264 ἐπιτρέπεις F 265 ἀλλ’ BF: ἀλλὰ P 266 ἡμέες Menag. 267 περιχωρέομεν P: -ρέωμεν B: -ρεύομεν F 268 τὴν ἀσίην F 270 ἀθηνέων P4: -ναίων BP1F δοκέ*οις F ἁρμοδιώτατα om. P1, suppl. P4s. l. 272 ἐνθαῦτά Huebn. 273 τυραννευόμεθα B: -εόμεθα PF πάντας BPF: πάντως Bergk, Kl. Schr. II 298 (a. 1850/1) 274 αἰσυμίντας (ί ex corr. ν in ras. ) B2 τέρποι’ Diels: 1 τρέποι B, P ut vid. : τέρποιο FP4 (έρποιο in ras. ) ἑταίροις P: ἑτέροις B: ἑτάροις F 275 σοι BPF: τοι Menag. ἥκειν ἐς PF: ἠκεῖνος B 276 κεῖθι P: κειοι B: *κεῖθι F 277 οἰκήσομεν P: -σωμεν BF. ninety three 270 275 LIBER I [45] Σόλων Ἐξηκεστίδου Σαλαμίνιος πρῶτον μὲν τὴν five 10 15 20 σεισάχθειαν εἰσηγήσατο Ἀθηναίοις· τὸ δὲ ἦν λύτρωσις σωμάτων τε καὶ κτημάτων. καὶ γὰρ ἐπὶ σώμασιν ἐδανείζοντο καὶ πολλοὶ δι’ ἀπορίαν ἐθήτευον. ἑπτὰ δὴ ταλάντων ὀφειλομένων αὐτῷ πατρῴων συνεχώρησε πρῶτος καὶ τοὺς λοιποὺς τὸ ὅμοιον προὔτρεψε πρᾶξαι. καὶ οὗτος ὁ νόμος ἐκλήθη σεισάχθεια· φανερὸν δὲ διὰ τί. ἔπειτα τοὺς λοιποὺς νόμους ἔθηκεν, οὓς μακρὸν ἂν εἴη διεξιέναι, καὶ ἐς τοὺς ἄξονας κατέθετο. [46] τὸ δὲ μέγιστον, τῆς πατρίδος αὐτοῦ Σαλαμῖνος ἀμφισβητουμένης ὑπό τε Ἀθηναίων καὶ Μεγαρέων καὶ πολλάκις τῶν Ἀθηναίων ἐπταικότων ἐν τοῖς πολέμοις καὶ ψηφισαμένων εἴ τις ἔτι συμβουλεύσοι περὶ Σαλαμῖνος μάχεσθαι, θανάτῳ ζημιοῦσθαι, οὗτος μαίνεσθαι προσποιησάμενος καὶ στεφανωσάμενος εἰσέπεσεν εἰς τὴν ἀγοράν· ἔνθα τοῖς Ἀθηναίοις ἀνέγνω διὰ τοῦ κήρυκος τὰ συντείνοντα περὶ Σαλαμῖνος ἐλεγεῖα καὶ παρώρμησεν αὐτούς. καὶ αὖθις πρὸς τοὺς Μεγαρέας ἐπολέμησαν καὶ ἐνίκων διὰ Σόλωνα. [47] ἦν δὲ τὰ ἐλεγεῖα τὰ μάλιστα καθαψάμενα τῶν Ἀθηναίων ταῦτα· εἴην δὴ τότ’ ἐγὼ Φολεγάνδριος ἢ Σικινίτης ἀντί γ’ Ἀθηναίου, πατρίδ’ ἀμειψάμενος· 1–277 Vitam Solonis ed. Martina 378–85 1–7 Sol. try out. seventy six G. -Pr. 2 38 Sol. attempt. forty seven G. -Pr. 2 21–24 Sol. fr. 2 W. 2 = 2. 3–6 G. -Pr. 2 10– 1–7 (σεισάχθεια) Φ eleven (197. 15–20) Ante 1 tit. σόλων Px 2 τοῖς Ἀθηναίοις F three τε σωμάτων καὶ F 10 Σαλαμῖνος secl. Cob. , deest in Z (Frob. ) 15 εἰσέπεσεν BPF: -παισεν ok. Fr. Hermann 373 et Meineke ap. Huebn. II 628, sed vid. P. Chantraine, RPh forty (1966) 147 et D. Searby, Elenchos 24 (2003) 186 sixteen διὰ BPF: ἐπὶ Roeper (1870) 571: ἀπὸ Marcov. τοῦ om. F κηρυκείου Roeper (1870) 571 20 ταῦτα BP: τάδε F 21 Σικινήτης rec. , rectius 22 ἀμειψάμενος BP, γρ Fmg: ἀμείψασθαι F ninety four S O LO N αἶψα γὰρ ἂν φάτις ἥδε μετ’ ἀνθρώποισι γένοιτο· Ἀττικὸς οὗτος ἀνὴρ τῶν Σαλαμιναφετῶν. εἶτα· 25 ἴομεν εἰς Σαλαμῖνα μαχησόμενοι περὶ νήσου ἱμερτῆς χαλεπόν τ’ αἶσχος ἀπωσόμενοι. ἔπεισε δὲ αὐτοὺς καὶ τὴν ἐν Θρᾴκῃ χερρόνησον προσκτήσασθαι. [48] ἵνα δὲ μὴ δοκοίη βίᾳ μόνον, ἀλλὰ καὶ δίκῃ τὴν Σαλαμῖνα κεκτῆσθαι, ἀνασκάψας τινὰς τάφους ἔδειξε τοὺς νεκροὺς πρὸς ἀνατολὰς ἐστραμμένους, ὡς ἦν ἔθος θάπτειν Ἀθηναίοις· ἀλλὰ καὶ αὐτοὺς τοὺς τάφους πρὸς ἕω βλέποντας καὶ ἀπὸ τῶν δήμων τοὺς χρηματισμοὺς ἐγκεχαραγμένους, ὅπερ ἦν ἴδιον Ἀθηναίων. ἔνιοι δέ φασι καὶ ἐγγράψαι αὐτὸν εἰς τὸν κατάλογον τὸν Ὁμήρου μετὰ τὸν 30 35 Αἴας δ’ ἐκ Σαλαμῖνος ἄγεν δυοκαίδεκα νῆας, στῆσε δ’ ἄγων ἵν’ Ἀθηναίων ἵσταντο φάλαγγες. [49] τοῦ δὴ λοιποῦ προσεῖχον αὐτῷ ὁ δῆμος καὶ ἡδέως καὶ τυραννεῖσθαι ἤθελον πρὸς αὐτοῦ· ὁ δὲ οὐχ εἵλετο, ἀλλὰ καὶ Πεισίστρατον τὸν συγγενῆ, καθά φησι Σωσικράτης, 34 (ἔνιοι)–38 Megarica adesp.

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