Download E-books A History Of Chinese Buddhism PDF

By Chou Hsiang-Kuang

Prof. Chou Hsiang-Kuang who has been dwelling in India for
a variety of years has positioned the folk of India lower than a debt of
gratitude for this paintings which used to be released in 1956 in its English
version. i've got had the privilege of figuring out Prof. Chou*for some
years, and that i respect hjs large studying of either chinese language and Indian
affairs together with background of—Chinese and Buddhistic concept. He
has almost made India his domestic, having served the collage of
Delhi for a few years as a Professor of background, and likewise various
other associations, Governmental and differently; and now he's teaching
Chinese within the college of Allahabad. the current paintings gives
a very special survey of the historical past of Buddhism in China. There
are already a few solid and authoritative works at the subject
by ecu and Indian students, and the Handbooks by way of the late
Prof. Phanindra Nath Basu and past due Dr. Prabodh Chandra Bagchi
are renowned in India. Prof. Basu gave an account of the Indian
scholars who went to China, and Dr. Bagchi’s paintings offers a General
Survey of Sino-Indian family members, together with the unfold of Buddhism
in China. Prof. Chou’s paintings covers the complete box, and it
is even more unique than the other publication that i do know on the
subject

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A t an analogous time Hui-yuan, the founding father of the Lotus {School of Buddhism grew to become monk at his toes, afterwards he, on the king’s request, moved to the Wu-i district, the temporal capital of the Tsin dynasty. five. within the 1st yr of the Hsin Bing interval of the Emperor Mu Ti’s reign of the Tsin dynasty (357 A. D. ), Tao-an was once forty-five years previous, ho left Wu-i for Nanking the place he stayed at Shou-tu Monastery. Afterwards ho went to Lu-hun, south of Lo-yang and stayed there for a while. 6. within the third yr of the Lung llo interval of the Emperor Ai Ti’s reign of the Tsin dynasty (3G3 A. D. ), Tao-an used to be fifty-three y e a r s outdated, whilst the Tartar normal Mu Jung-shih along with his armies attacked Honan province, Tao-an left for Hsiaug-yaug. 7. within the 1 st yr of the T’ai Yuan interval of the Emperor Hsiao Wu T i’s reign of the Tsin dynasty (376 A. D. ), Tao-an used to be sixty-seven years outdated. He were in Hsiang-yang for fifteen years, until Fu-chien conquered Hsiang-yang. Then he went again to Chang-an. eight. within the 4th yr of the T’ai Yuan interval of the Emperor Hsiao Wu T i’s reign of the Tsin dynasty (379 A. D. ), Tao-an was once Beventy years previous, he went to Nanking to go to the Monastery of Buddhadana. nine. within the tenth 12 months of the T’ai Yuan interval of the Emperor Hsiao Wu Ti’s reign of the Tsin dynasty (385 A. D. ), Tao-an was once seventy-three years outdated, and by way of the 4th of February of a similar 12 months ho died. B. HUI-YUAN AND THE LOTUS institution there have been throe nice literary achievements of chinese language Buddhism in the course of the Tsin dynasty,—the Abhidharma philosophy of Devasarman; the Dhyana of Buddhabhadra and the 3 S u stra s of Kumarajiva. They have been propagated and brought into south China by way of Hui-yuan, who based a brand new university known as the Lotus college. I t performed an exceptional function within the early historical past of Buddhism in China. (1 ) E a r ly L ife o f H u i-yu a n , ’Hui-yuan (with surname 40 A background Of chinese language BObDHlSSt Chia) used to be bom iu (534 A. D. ) In Yen-men. He used to be an ardent scholar of Confucianism and learnt Lao-tze’s teachings too. whilst he used to be 13 years previous, he his uncle on a trip to the district of Xo-yang and Hsu-chow. while he was once twenty-one years previous, he needed to move in the direction of the east after crossing the Yang-tze river to satisfy Fan-hsuan, the well-known Buddhist student of tho time, yet used to be avoided through political problems which had damaged out. He then went to work out Tao-an, who used to be staying at a monastery on Mount Heng variety, preaching Buddhism. Hui-yuan authorised him as his grasp. in the course of that point, Hui-yuan and his more youthful brother Hui-ch’ih grew to become monk at Tao-an’s ft. * Hui-yuan then started to supply lectures on Buddhism, the attendants of which, even if, on one get together raised objections opposed to his concept of fact. notwithstanding the dialogue persisted for it slow, they be­ got here more and more uncertain and bewildered. Thereupon Hui-yuan quoted rules of Chuang-tze that belonged to a similar class, and during this approach the skeptice got here to appreciate. within the third yr of the Hsin-nien interval of the Emperor Ai Ti’s reign of the Tsin dynasty ;(365 A.

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